Numerous sculptures can also be found within the grounds as well as a musical fountain, the waters of which are computer controlled to coordinate with the musical melody being played. The city of Odessa hosts both the Port of Odessa and Port Yuzhne, a significant oil terminal situated in the city's suburbs. Gymnast Tatiana Gutsu (known as "The Painted Bird of Odessa") brought home Ukraine's first Olympic gold medal as an independent nation when she outscored the USA's Shannon Miller in the women's all-around event at 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. Most of the atrocities were committed during the first six months of the occupation which officially began on 17 October 1941, when 80% of the 210,000 Jews in the region were killed,[27] compared to Jews in Romania proper where the majority survived. one of the founding fathers of Odessa, together with another Frenchman, Count Andrault de Langeron, who succeeded him in office. It became home to an extremely diverse population of Albanians, Armenians, Azeris, Bulgarians, Crimean Tatars, Frenchmen, Germans (including Mennonites), Greeks, Italians, Jews, Poles, Romanians, Russians, Turks, Ukrainians, and traders representing many other nationalities (hence numerous "ethnic" names on the city's map, for example Frantsuzky (French) and Italiansky (Italian) Boulevards, Grecheskaya (Greek), Yevreyskaya (Jewish), Arnautskaya (Albanian) Streets). The nearly ice-free port lies near the mouths of the Dnieper, the Southern Bug, the Dniester and the Danube rivers, which provide good links to the hinterland. The newly acquired Ochakov Oblast was promised to the Cossacks by the Russian government for resettlement. Trams were imported from Germany. Yaakov Dori, the first Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces, and President of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, was born in Odessa, as was Israel Dostrovsky, Israeli physical chemist who was the fifth president of the Weizmann Institute of Science. [69] One Marshal of the Soviet Union, Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky, a military commander in World War II and Defense Minister of the Soviet Union, was born in Odessa, whilst renowned Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal lived in the city at one time. 2 in C Major", Ассоциация портов Украины и всего Чёрного моря: члены, "Snap acquires Ukrainian startup AI Factory for $166M", "Drivers - IRC Intercontinental Rally Challenge - Eurosport", "Greek Merchants in Odessa in the Nineteenth Century", "Odessa and the Problem of Urban Modernization", "The Pogrom of 1905 in Odessa: A Case Study", "Map of the current public transport routes in Odessa", The Museum of the Jewish People at Beit Hatfutsot, Odessa yesterday. The city of Odessa, founded by the Russian Empress Catherine the Great, centers on the site of the Turkish fortress Khadzhibei, which was occupied by a Russian Army in 1789. [70], Valeria Lukyanova, a girl from Odessa who looks very similar to a Barbie doll, has received attention on the Internet and from the media for her doll-like appearance. The most popular sport in Odessa is football. Travel weather and climate description. Average Weather during August in Odessa (Odessa Region), Ukraine. Foreign business ventures have thrived in the area, as since 1 January 2000, much of the city and its surrounding area has been declared[by whom?] Chornomorets play their home games at the Chornomorets Stadium, an elite-class stadium which has a maximum capacity of 34,164. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. [13] Kostyantyn Mykolayovych Bocharov, better known by his stage name, Mélovin, is a native of Odessa. In 1866, the city was linked by rail with Kyiv and Kharkiv as well as with Iaşi in Romania. There are a number of monuments and memorials in the park, one of which is dedicated to the park's namesake, the Ukrainian national poet Taras Shevchenko. There are five deputy mayors, each of which is responsible for a certain particular part of the city's public policy. Odessa's oil and chemical processing facilities are connected to Russian and European networks by strategic pipelines. During the 19th century, Odessa was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Warsaw. Chess player Efim Geller was born in the city. Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine Weather Calendar star_ratehome. In the Middle Ages successive rulers of the Odessa region included various nomadic tribes (Petchenegs, Cumans), the Golden Horde, the Crimean Khanate, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Ottoman Empire. Terms of Service | Location: Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine. Odessa's largest park, Shevchenko Park (previously Alexander Park), was founded in 1875, during a visit to the city by Emperor Alexander II. Privacy Policy | [60] A similar streetscape can also be found in that of Primorsky Bulvar, a grand thoroughfare which runs along the edge of the plateau upon which the city is situated, and where many of the city's most imposing buildings are to be found. Through most of the 19th century and until the mid 20th century, the largest ethnic group in Odessa was Russians, with the second largest ethnic group being Jews.[49]. Electric tramway started to operate on 22 August 1907. Pyotr Schmidt (better known as "Lieutenant Schmidt"), one of the leaders of the Sevastopol uprising, was born in Odessa. In 1905, Odessa was the site of a workers' uprising supported by the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin and the Menshevik's Iskra. Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 during Ukrainian-Soviet War, Odessa saw two Bolshevik armed insurgencies, the second of which succeeded in establishing their control over the city; for the following months the city became a center of the Odessa Soviet Republic. The city was land mined in the same way as Kyiv. The average elevation at which the city is located is around 50 metres (160 feet), while the maximum is 65 metres (213 feet) and minimum (on the coast) amounts to 4.2 metres (13.8 feet) above sea level. Richelieu founded Odessa – watched over it with paternal care – labored with a fertile brain and a wise understanding for its best interests – spent his fortune freely to the same end – endowed it with a sound prosperity, and one which will yet make it one of the great cities of the Old World". Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: During the month of June and September you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). [42], A 2015 study by the International Republican Institute found that 68% of Odessa was ethnic Ukrainian, and 25% ethnic Russian. Typically, for a total of 4 months – from June to September – the average sea temperature in the Gulf of Odessa and city's bay area exceeds 20 °C (68 °F).[39]. [55] Trukhanov was again reelected in the second round of the 2020 Mayoral election of Odessa when 54.28% of the voters voted for him.[1]. As one of the biggest on the Black Sea, Odessa's port is busy all year round. How warm is the sea near Odessa? Sources of running water in the city include the Dniester River, from which water is taken and then purified at a processing plant just outside the city. There are a number of public parks and gardens in Odessa, among these are the Preobrazhensky, Gorky and Victory parks, the latter of which is an arboretum. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Odesa, Odessa, Ukraine. As a part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, the city preserved and somewhat reinforced its unique cosmopolitan mix of Russian/Ukrainian/Jewish culture and a predominantly Russophone environment with the uniquely accented dialect of Russian spoken in the city. Odessa produced one of the founders of the Soviet violin school, Pyotr Stolyarsky. The poet also has a city street named after him, as well as a statue. Another version posits that the settlement appeared after Odessa itself was founded, as a settlement of Moldavians, Greeks and Albanians fleeing the Ottoman yoke. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. With regard to primary and secondary education, Odessa has many schools catering for all ages from kindergarten through to lyceum (final secondary school level) age. In much of Ukraine, the climate is continental, with freezing winters and warm summers, which become progressively warmer as you move towards the south.The southern area, which overlooks the Black Sea, has a slightly milder weather in winter, but we cannot speak of Mediterranean climate (the winter is cold anyway), except on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula (see Yalta). There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Odessa. Odessa, Ukraine - Get the very latest weather forecast, including hour-by-hour views, the 10-day outlook, temperature, humidity and precipitation for your area. Among most famous startups is Looksery[78] and AI Factory both developed in Odessa and acquaired by Snap inc.[79], A number of world-famous scientists have lived and worked in Odessa. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and The city's Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy is one of the world's leading ophthalmology clinics. Since the 1970s, the majority of the remaining Jewish population emigrated to Israel and other countries, shrinking the Jewish community. Hennadiy Avdyeyenko won a 1988 Olympic gold medal in thehigh jump, setting an Olympic record at 2.38 metres (7.81 feet). Richelieu is commemorated by a bronze statue, unveiled in 1828 to a design by Ivan Martos. Key areas of business include: retail, wholesale, catering, production, construction and development, private label. Within the park there are a variety of cultural and entertainment facilities, and wide pedestrian avenues. As a result, despite the events of 1941, the survival of the Jewish population in this area was higher than in other areas of occupied eastern Europe. Snow cover is often light or moderate, and municipal services rarely experience the same problems that can often be found in other, more northern, Ukrainian cities. Also of note is the city's Alexander Pushkin Museum, which is dedicated to detailing the short time Pushkin spent in exile in Odessa, a period during which he continued to write. He was a popular city publisher of the newspaper The Odessa Leaf. The city currently covers a territory of 162.42 km2 (63 sq mi),[37] the population density for which is around 6,139 persons/km². What is the weather like in July in Odessa? [34] On 5 January 2015 the city's Euromaidan Coordination Center and a cargo train car were (non-lethally) bombed. [71], Mikhail Zhvanetsky, writer, satirist and performer best known for his shows targeting different aspects of the Soviet and post-Soviet everyday life is one of most famous living Odessans. The site of present-day Odessa was then a fortress known as Khadjibey (named for Hacı I Giray, and also spelled Kocibey in English, Hacıbey or Hocabey in Turkish, and Hacıbey in Crimean Tatar). In 1881 Odessa became the first city in Imperial Russia to have steam tramway lines, an innovation that came only one year after the establishment of horse tramway services in 1880 operated by the "Tramways d'Odessa", a Belgian owned company. Even the driest month still has a lot of rainfall. Following the Siege of Odessa, and the Axis occupation, approximately 25,000 Odessans were murdered in the outskirts of the city and over 35,000 deported; this came to be known as the Odessa massacre. In 1819, the city became a free port, a status it retained until 1859. This project was delayed on multiple occasions but was finally completed eight years later in 2005. Summer in Odessa is undoubtedly the best time to visit. Odessa or Odesa (Ukrainian: Оде́са, romanized: Odesa [oˈdɛsɐ] (listen); Russian: Оде́сса, romanized: Odessa [ɐˈdʲesə]; Bulgarian: Оде́са, romanized: Odesa) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transport hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea. The average elevation at which the city is located is around 50 metres (160 feet), while the maximum is 65 metres (213 feet) and minimum (on the coast) amounts to 4.2 metres (13.8 feet) above sea level. (Note: Richter studied in Odessa but wasn't born there.). Some expressed doubts about this claim, while others noted the reputation of Gribovsky as an honest and modest man.[9]. Russia formally gained possession of the Sanjak of Özi (Ochacov Oblast)[14] as a result of the Treaty of Jassy (Iaşi)[12] in 1792 and it became a part of Yekaterinoslav Viceroyalty. The city's industries include shipbuilding, oil refining, chemicals, metalworking, and food processing. The Odessan Jew in the jokes always "came out clean" and was, in the end, a lovable character – unlike some of other jocular nation stereotypes such as The Chukcha, The Ukrainian, The Estonian or The American.[67]. This is largely because the higher winter temperatures and coastal location of Odessa prevent significant snowfall. Other than the National University, the city is also home to the 1921-inaugurated Odessa National Economic University, the Odessa National Medical University (founded 1900), the 1918-founded Odessa National Polytechnic University and the Odessa National Maritime University (established 1930). Four were killed during the protests, and at least 32 trade unionists were killed after a trade union building was set on fire after Molotov cocktails exchange between sides[31][32]. The defense of Odessa lasted 73 days from 5 August to 16 October 1941. The climate guide for Odessa, Ukraine shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Odessa Weather October Averages, Ukraine. Lyudmila Pavlichenko, the famous female sniper, took part in the battle for Odessa. Here you will find the answers to frequently asked questions about the seasons of the year in Odessa. Transit flights from the Americas, Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East to Odessa are offered by Ukraine International Airlines through their hub at Kyiv's Boryspil International Airport. What is the weather like in August in Odessa? Odessa was attacked by Romanian and German troops in August 1941. Weather in January » To date a number of Japanese and Chinese companies, as well as a host of European enterprises, have invested in the development of the free economic zone, to this end private investors in the city have invested a great deal of money into the provision of quality office real estate and modern manufacturing facilities such as warehouses and plant complexes. Find the most current and reliable 14 day weather forecasts, storm alerts, reports and information for Odessa, UA with The Weather Network. Many parts of Odessa were damaged during both its siege and recapture on 10 April 1944, when the city was finally liberated by the Red Army. Reset Map, or Add PWS. What was the coldest temperature ever recorded in Odessa? 4-power scope. Today’s and tonight’s Odessa, Odessa, Ukraine weather forecast, weather conditions and Doppler radar from The Weather Channel and [27], The city suffered severe damage and sustained many casualties over the course of the war. The Seventh-Kilometer Market is a major commercial complex on the outskirts of the city where private traders now operate one of the largest market complexes in Eastern Europe. There are two routes of public transport which connect Odessa Airport with the city center: trolley-bus №14 and marshrutka №117.[84]. Some of the Odessans had a more favourable view of the Romanian occupation, in contrast with the Soviet official view that the period was exclusively a time of hardship, deprivation, oppression and suffering – claims embodied in public monuments and disseminated through the media to this day. temperatures, humidity and precipation. April Fools' Day, held annually on 1 April, is one of the most celebrated festivals in the city. Odessa, Ukraine - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. Monthly averages Odessa Longitude: -102.368, Latitude: 31.8457 Average weather Odessa, TX - 79760. The city's unique identity has been formed largely thanks to its varied demography; all the city's communities have influenced aspects of Odessan life in some way or form. Check it out: Photographer captures stunning images of the northern lights. Some buildings are built in a mixture of different styles, including Art Nouveau, Renaissance and Classicist. During the 1960s and 1970s, the city grew. How many seasons of year does Odessa have? The first opera house was opened in 1810 and destroyed by fire in 1873. No PWS. [citation needed] During the summer it is common to find large crowds of people leisurely sitting and talking on the outdoor terraces of numerous cafés, bars and restaurants, or simply enjoying a walk along the cobblestone street, which is not open to vehicular traffic and is kept shaded by the linden trees which line its route. The Odessa International Film Festival is also held in this city annually since 2010. This resulted in the development of spa culture and the establishment of a number of high-end hotels in the city. )[7], The city was named in compliance with the Greek Plan of Catherine the Great. Jacob Adler, the major star of the Yiddish theatre in New York and father of the actor, director and teacher Stella Adler, was born and spent his youth in Odessa. [26] Partisan fighting continued, however, in the city's catacombs. The first metre gauge steam tramway line ran from Railway Station to Great Fontaine and the second one to Hadzhi Bey Liman. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. The Odessa Museum of Western and Eastern Art is big art museum; it has large European collections from the 16–20th centuries along with the art from the East on display. Odessa oblast is also home to a number of other nationalities and minority ethnic groups, including Albanians, Armenians, Azeris, Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians, Georgians, Greeks, Jews, Poles, Romanians, Turks, among others. Before moving to Moscow in 1922, he made quite a few acquaintances here, including Yury Olesha and Ilya Ilf (Ilf's co-author Petrov was in fact Kataev's brother, Petrov being his pen-name). The theatre was projected along the lines of Dresden's Semperoper built in 1878, with its nontraditional foyer following the curvatures of the auditorium; the building's most recent renovation was completed in 2007.[59]. The mayoralty[54] plays the role of the executive in the city's municipal administration. Laid out in 1803 by Felix De Ribas (brother of the founder of Odessa, José de Ribas) on a plot of urban land he owned, the garden is located right in the heart of the city. [11] Archaeological artifacts confirm extensive links between the Odessa area and the eastern Mediterranean. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 84°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 92°F. Booking, reviews and advice on hotels, resorts, vacation rentals, travel packages, and a lot more! Whether the Bay of Odessa is the ancient "Port of the Histrians" cannot yet be considered a settled question based on the available evidence. This created a gigantic complicated labyrinth of tunnels beneath Odessa, known as "Odessa Catacombs". His contributions to the city are mentioned by Mark Twain in his travelogue Innocents Abroad: "I mention this statue and this stairway because they have their story. Fine Arts museum is the biggest art gallery in the city, which collection includes canvas mostly of Russian painters from 17th-21st centuries, icon collection and modern art. The Flemish engineer working for the empress, Franz de Volan (François Sainte de Wollant) recommended the area of Khadzhibei fortress as the site for the region's basic port: it had an ice-free harbor, breakwaters could be cheaply constructed that would render the harbor safe and it would have the capacity to accommodate large fleets. The actual massacre took place in streets nearby, not on the steps themselves, but the film caused many to visit Odessa to see the site of the "slaughter". Hi/Low, RealFeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the day, commute, and weekend! There are paintings from Caravaggio, Mignard, Hals, Teniers and Del Piombo. Water Temperatures for the nearest location Odessa are: Below you will find information about the occurrence of weather phenomena in Odessa: [citation needed] In the mid-18th century, the Ottomans rebuilt the fortress at Khadjibey (also was known Hocabey), which was named Yeni Dünya[12] (literally "New World"). Additionally the city hardly ever faces the phenomenon of sea-freezing. In the regular meetings of the municipal council, problems facing the city are discussed, and annually the city's budget is drawn up. The sea is mild and warm, the nightclubs in the Arcadia district are filled with people, fresh fruits and vegetables are in abundance sold at the "Privoz" market. Hocabey was a sanjak centre of Silistre Province. The port complex contains an oil and gas transfer and storage facility, a cargo-handling area and a large passenger port. The city has produced many writers, including Isaac Babel, whose series of short stories, Odessa Tales, are set in the city. Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Odessa: How many hours of sunshine per day in Odessa? [63] Other museums in the city include the Odessa Archeological Museum, which is housed in a neoclassical building, the Odessa Numismatics Museum, the Odessa Museum of the Regional History, Museum of Heroic Defense of Odessa (411th Battery). Many Odessan Jews fled abroad after 1882, particularly to the Ottoman region that became Palestine, and the city became an important base of support for Zionism. Khadjibey came under direct control of the Ottoman Empire after 1529[12] as part of a region known as Yedisan after one of Nogay Hordes, and was administered in the Ottoman Silistra (Özi) Eyalet, Sanjak of Özi. Intercity bus services are available from Odessa to many cities in Russia (Moscow, Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar, Pyatigorsk), Germany (Berlin, Hamburg and Munich), Greece (Thessaloniki and Athens), Bulgaria (Varna and Sofia) and several cities of Ukraine and Europe. Averages are for Odesa Airport, which is 4 miles from Odesa. [28] After the Nazi forces began to lose ground on the Eastern Front, the Romanian administration changed its policy, refusing to deport the remaining Jewish population to extermination camps in German occupied Poland, and allowing Jews to work as hired labourers. [24] Pogroms were carried out in 1821, 1859, 1871, 1881 and 1905. The current council is the fifth in the city's modern history, and was elected in January 2011. Odessa, Ukraine: Annual Weather Averages. (These others were Leningrad, Stalingrad, and Sevastopol). In 1998, after many years of neglect, the city decided to raise funds for a replacement track and cars. During World War II, the catacombs served as a hiding place for partisans and natural shelter for civilians, who were escaping air plane bombing. Passenger ships and ferries connect Odessa with Istanbul, Haifa and Varna, whilst river cruises can occasionally be booked for travel up the Dnieper River to cities such as Kherson, Dnipro and Kyiv. Before being occupied by Romanian troops in 1941, a part of the city's population, industry, infrastructure and all cultural valuables possible were evacuated to inner regions of the USSR and the retreating Red Army units destroyed as much as they could of Odessa's remaining harbour facilities. Images gallery. The average annual temperature of sea is 13–14 °C (55–57 °F), whilst seasonal temperatures range from an average of 6 °C (43 °F) in the period from January to March, to 23 °C (73 °F) in August. "The Greek Colonisation of the Black Sea Area: Historical Interpretation of Archaeology," December 1998, Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. Ukraine has a temperate continental climate with cold, snowy winters and warm summers. The first city plan was designed by the engineer F. Devollan in the late 18th century. The Port of Odessa became a provisional headquarters for the Ukrainian Navy, following the Russian occupation of Crimea in 2014. 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