Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The prayer here is, that God would accept those offerings, and hear those supplications, and would now send the desired help from the sanctuary where he resided; that is, that he would grant his protection and aid. This Psalms is a form of prayer delivered by David to the people, to be used by them for the king, when he went out to battle against his enemies. "Help from the sanctuary ... out of Zion" (Psalms 20:2). Neither the crown on the king's head, nor the grace in his heart, would make him free from trouble. "We will set up our banners" (Psalms 20:5). Military standards, however, were early used (compare Numbers 1:52; Numbers 2:2-3, Numbers 2:10, Numbers 2:18, Numbers 2:25; Numbers 10:14, Numbers 10:25), and indeed were necessary whenever armies were mustered for war, For the forms of ancient standards, see the article in Kitto‘s Cyclopaedia of the Bible, “Standards.”. - Even the greatest of men may be much in trouble. The meaning of the word “hear” in this passage is, that he will “favorably hear,” or regard; that is, that he will “answer” the petition, or grant the request. The Lord fulfil all thy petitions - The prayers offered in connection with the sacrifice referred to in Psalm 20:3 (compare Psalm 20:4). Alas, it is the destiny of every child of God to confront the day of trouble. Literally, “with the strengths of salvation.” The answer to the prayer will be manifest in the strength or power put forth by him to save. “Some,” is the language of this chorus, “trust in chariots and some in horses, but we will remember the name of the Lord our God,” Psalm 20:7. It was John Calvin's opinion that, "Under the figure of the temporal kingdom," God here laid down the principle reiterated in the New Testament to the effect that public prayers should be offered for kings, rulers, and other persons invested with high authority (1 Timothy 2:1-2). “They “are” brought down.” He sees them in anticipation prostrate and subdued; he goes forth to war with the certainty on his mind that this would occur. It is distinguished from bloody sacrifices, which are expressed by the word in the following clause. (John 13:18) Psalms 45:6 ) According to this idea, and as seems to me to be manifest on the face of the psalm, it is composed of alternate parts as if to be used by the people, and by the king and his followers, in alternate responses, closing with a chorus to be used by all. "Fulfill all thy counsel" (Psalms 20:4). I" and "we," the first person plural, and the first person singular and the first person plural pronouns appearing in Psalms 20:5,6,7. Upon the axle stood a light frame, open behind, and floored for the warrior and his charioteer, who both stood within. "In the Bible, assurance never breeds complacency, but rather offers grounds for urgent prayer and calling upon God to save. 1983-1999. The Lord hear thee in the day of trouble - According to the view expressed in the introduction to the psalm, this is the language of the people praying for their king, or expressing the hope that he would be delivered from trouble, and would be successful in what he had undertaken, in the prosecution of a war apparently of defense. May he remember all your sacrifices and accept your burnt offerings. In the beginning Psalm 20:1-4 there is an earnest “desire” that God would hear the suppliant in the day of trouble; in the close there is an earnest “prayer” to him from all the people that he “would” thus bear. It was not in their own strength, nor was it to promote the purposes of conquest and the ends of ambition; it was that God might be honored, and it was with confidence of success derived from his anticipated aid. Grant thee according to thine own heart - According to thy wishes; according to the desires of thy heart. The whole may be divided into three strophes or parts: (a) the people, Psalm 20:1-5. These offerings were designed especially for the expiation of sin, and for thus securing the divine favor. The first person plural pronoun in Psalms 20:5 shows that it is the voice of the people who are vocalizing this petition in the sanctuary itself upon behalf of their king. Of his right hand - The right hand is the instrument by which mainly we execute our purposes; and by constant use it becomes in fact more fully developed, and is stronger than the left band. From the sanctuary - From the tabernacle, or the holy place where God was worshipped, and where he was supposed to reside, Exodus 28:43; Exodus 29:30; Exodus 35:19; Exodus 39:1. This is, therefore, a patriotic and loyal psalm, full of confidence in the king as he starts on his expedition, full of desire for his success, and full of confidence in God; expressing union of heart between the sovereign and the people, and the union of all their hearts in the great God. If it was intended to be employed in public service, it was doubtless to be sung by alternate choirs, representing the people and the king. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. Let the King - That is, let “God,” spoken of here as the Great King. This, according to the view suggested in the introduction, is the response of the people, expressing their desire that the king might be successful in what he had undertaken, and that the prayers which had been offered for success might be answered. David was a martial https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/psalms-20.html. The word means an offering of any kind or anything that is presented to God, except a bloody sacrifice - anything offered as an expression of thankfulness, or with a view to obtain his favor. A psalm of David. " After the times of Solomon, Israel possessed many chariots and horses. Defend thee - Margin, as in Hebrew, set thee on a high place. But we will remember the name of the Lord our God - That is, we will remember God - the name, as before remarked, often being used to denote the person. It is the eternal assignment for every Christian that he, "Must through many tribulations enter into the kingdom of God" (Acts 14:22). They are brought down and fallen - That is, those who trust in chariots and horses. Here, too, it would seem that he had been worshipped, and his aid implored, in view of this expedition; here the royal psalmist had sought to secure the divine favor by the presentation of appropriate sacrifices and offerings Psalm 20:3. And in the name of our God - This indicates a sense of dependence on God, and also that the enterprise undertaken was in order to promote his honor and glory. It was also true of David. James M. Hamilton provides a fresh translation and canonical interpretation of the Psalms. This was his seat; his throne; where he abode among the people. It logically connects with the previous one, Psalm 20. The general meaning is, that their entire trust was in God. Here is no boasting of former victories, nor of man’s bravery and strength, nor of a captain’s skill. It expresses the joy which they would have in the expected deliverance from danger, and their conviction that through his strength they would be able to obtain it. As Baigent accurately noted, these banners, "Are a reference to tribal standards displayed when camping or marching.". We will rejoice in thy salvation - According to the idea of the psalm suggested in the introduction, this is a response of the king and those associated with him in going forth to battle. The Hebrew word - דשׁן dâshên - means properly to make fat, or marrowy, Proverbs 15:30; to pronounce or regard as fat; to be fat or satiated, or abundantly satisfied, Proverbs 13:4. It is stated by Rawlinson that this "conjecture is probable.". It is a liturgical hymn used ceremonially upon the occasion of a king's coronation, or upon the occasion of his going into battle. So the Hebrew. Depressed though we may now be, yet we are certain of victory. We will set up our banners - We will erect our standards; or, as we should say, we will unfurl our flag. general chorus of all, Psalm 20:7-9. The occasion that prompted the writing of this psalm is supposed to have been that of David's start of a war against Syria, at some considerable time after the return of the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem by King David. III. Here it refers to the war-chariot, or the vehicle for carrying armed men into battle. The word salvation here means deliverance; to wit, from the anticipated danger. The desire of the blessing goes forth in the form of prayer, for God only can grant the objects of our desire. Out of Zion - The place where God was worshipped; the place where the tabernacle was reared. "Now know I that Jehovah saveth his anointed; With the saving strength of his right hand.". Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "Help from the sanctuary ... out of Zion", "Remember all thy offerings ... accept thy burnt-sacrifice", "They are bowed down and fallen ... we are ... upright", "Save, Jehovah: Let the King answer us when we call. There was, indeed, exultation, but it was exultation in the belief that God would grant success - an exultation connected with, and springing from prayer. With the saving strength - That is, he will interpose with that saving strength. 22 May your unfailing love be with us, Lord, even as we put our hope in you. They pray that the Lord would defend the king in the day of trouble; that the name of the God of Jacob would defend him; that he would send him help from the sanctuary, and strengthen him out of Zion; that he would remember his offerings and accept his burnt sacrifice; that he would grant him according to his own heart, and fulfill all his counsel. The God of Jacob, or the God of Israel, would be synonymous terms, and either would denote that he was the Protector of the nation. May he send you help from the sanctuary and grant you support from Zion. " The great assurance of Psalms 20:8, indicated by the use of the prophetic perfect tense, suggests that the war is already over and that victory has been won; but that was not the case. on StudyLight.org Adam Clarke Commentary Let this be the reward of mine adversaries from the Lord, and of them While 21 In him our hearts rejoice, for we trust in his holy name. They consisted of “a light pole suspended between and on the withers of a pair of horses, the after end resting on a light axle tree, with two low wheels. It is called the Book of Psalms; so it is quoted by St. Peter, Acts 1:20. Gerald H. Wilson, NIV Application Commentary (NIVAC), Zondervan, 2002, 1,024 pp. The whole psalm, therefore, is an expression of a strong confidence in God; of a sense of the most complete dependence on him; and of that assurance of success which often comes into the soul, in an important and difficult undertaking, when we have committed the whole cause to God. " The word "Selah" inserted at this place in the psalm may be a reference to a pause in the ceremonies during which sacrifices were actually offered. The use of the word in this place proves that such offerings had been made to God by him who was about to go forth to the war; and the prayer of the people here is that God would remember all those offerings; that is, that he would grant the blessing which he who had offered them had sought to obtain. The reference here is undoubtedly to the enemies against whom the king was about to wage war, and the language here is indicative of his certain conviction that they would be vanquished. This proves, also, that a sacrifice had been made with a view to propitiate the divine favor in regard to the expedition which had been undertaken; that is, a solemn act of devotion, according to the manner of worship which then obtained, had been performed with a view to secure the divine favor and protection. As many have pointed out, this psalm is a companion with Psalms 21, their relation being that of a prayer for victory in Psalms 20 and a thanksgiving for victory in Psalms 21. All other rights reserved. Regarding the date of the Psalm. 20:1-9 This psalm is a prayer for the kings of Israel, but with relation to Christ. The example is one which suggests the propriety of always entering upon any enterprise by solemn acts of worship, or by supplicating the divine blessing; that is, by acknowledging our dependence on God, and asking his guidance and his protecting care. With the possible exception of Absalom's rebellion, this was perhaps the most terrible trouble David ever faced. The word” trouble” here used would seem to imply that he was beset with difficulties and dangers; perhaps, that he was surrounded by foes. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-20.html. The idea is, such help as he needed; such as would make him safe. May the Lord grant all your requests. The word rendered chariots - רכב rekeb - means properly riding, and then a vehicle for “riding,” a wagon, a chariot. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Hossfeld, Frank-Lothar Dummelow favored the LLX rendition of this, which has, "O Lord, save the king: and answer us when we call. Hence, it is used to denote “strength.” See Exodus 15:6; Judges 5:26; see Psalm 17:7, note; Psalm 18:35, note. In all ages, it has been God who rules among the kingdoms of men and exalts over them whosoever is pleasing to Him (Daniel 4:25). He says, as expressive of the feeling with which the expedition was undertaken, “We will rejoice in thy salvation, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners.”. But we are risen, and stand upright - That is, he sees this in anticipation. Save, Lord - “Yahweh, save.” This is still an earnest prayer. א ל מ נ … " However, we prefer the ASV, especially when the word "King" is capitalized, thus recognizing the Lord as the true King of Israel. Remember all thy offerings - On the meaning of the word here used, see the note at Isaiah 1:13, where it is rendered oblations. Or if it was not designed to be used by the people actually, it was intended to be a poetic expression of the real feelings of the king and the people in regard to the enterprise in which he was embarked. Some trust in chariots - This (see the introduction to the psalm) seems to be a “general chorus” of the king and the people, expressing the fullest confidence in God, and showing the true ground of their reliance. "Remember all thy offerings ... accept thy burnt-sacrifice" (Psalms 20:3). Even the greatest of men must be much in prayer. In this Psalm there are the following parts: - I. "In the day of trouble" ( Psalms 20:1 ). The meaning is, We will not forget that our reliance is not on armies, but on God, the living God. - Even the greatest of men may be much in trouble. May the LORD answer you when you are in distress; may the name of the God of Jacob protect you. - Even the greatest of men may be much in trouble. And accept - Margin, turn to ashes, or make fat. Selah. Psalms 8:6 - "Thou hast put all things under his feet" (Hebrews 2:6-10) Psalms 41:9 - "Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me." Psalm 20:7-9. The prayer in Psalm 20:1-5breathes self-distrust and confidence in Jehovah, the temper which brings victory, not only to Israel, but to all fighters for God. At this point in the ceremonial use of this psalm, a single speaker, perhaps the king himself, the high priest, or a prophet, using the first person singular, announces God's acceptance of the sacrifice and divine assurance that the prayers of the people upon behalf of the king are going to be answered favorably. It is a collection of psalms, of all the psalms that were divinely inspired, which, though composed at several times and upon several occasions, are here put This, according to the view given in the introduction, is the response of the king. A Psalm of David. On the sides of the frame hung the war-bow, in its case; a large quiver with arrows and darts had commonly a particular sheath. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? This might be a reference to the prayers and offerings of King David in days gone by; but as Ash wrote, "It more likely refers to the sacrifices being offered upon the occasion of the Psalm's use. This is the language of exultation and triumph in God; of joyful trust in him. Some trust in chariots — This again was spoken by the people.The word trust is not in the Hebrew, which is more literally translated, These in their chariots, and those on their horses, but we will remember, make mention of, or, celebrate, the name of the Lord our God; that is, we will remember, or make mention of it, so as to boast of or trust in it. Psalms 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material Verse 9 3. Psalms 109:20 - Let this be the reward of my accusers from the Lord , And of those who speak evil against my soul. The LORD hear thee in the day of trouble; the name of the God of Jacob defend thee; 2 Send thee help from the sanctuary, and strengthen thee out of Zion; 3 Remember all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice; Selah. At that moment the people lift up the voice of sympathy and of encouragement, and pray that those sacrifices might be accepted, and that he might find the deliverance which he had desired. The word here employed occurs in the Psalms only in the following places: Psalm 20:3; Psalm 40:6; Psalm 96:8; where it is rendered offering and offerings; Psalm 45:12, rendered gift; Psalm 72:10, rendered presents; and Psalm 141:2, rendered sacrifice. Psalms 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, filling six volumes, provides an exhaustive look at every verse in the Bible. It conveys also the notion of reducing to ashes; perhaps from the fact that the victim which had been fattened for sacrifice was reduced to ashes; or, as Gesenius supposes (Lexicon, see דשׁן deshen ), because “ashes were used by the ancients for fattening, that is, manuring the soil.” The prayer here seems to be that God would “pronounce the burnt-offering fat;” that is, that he would regard it favorably, or would accept it. In this view, the use of the second person in Psalms 20:1-5 is not unnatural. Neither the crown on the king's head, nor the grace in his heart, would make him free from trouble. Of the precise occasion on which it was composed nothing can be known with certainty, for there is no historical statement on the point, and there is nothing in the psalm to indicate it. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Drawing on over 20 years of study in the book of Psalms, Dr. Gerald H. Wilson reveals the links between the Bible and our present times. These furnished great advantages in war, by the speed with which they could be driven against an enemy, and by the facilities in fighting from them. Chapter 20 It is the will of God that prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings, should be made, in special manner, for kings and all in authority. Compare the note at Psalm 2:2. So certain was he now of this that he could speak of it as if it were already done. Then they call, in joyful exultation and triumph, on God as the great King over all, and supplicate his mercy and favor, Psalm 20:9. "Some trust in chariots, and some in horses; But we will make mention of Jehovah our God. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Psalms 9:20 Psalms 9:19 Psalms 9 Psalms 10:1 Put them in fear, O Lord ; Let the nations know that they are but men. Compare 1 Chronicles 21:26; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Nehemiah 9:27-28; Psalm 14:2; Psalm 102:19. heaven is represented as the dwelling-place of God, and it is there that he hears and answers our prayers. Never should we look for success unless our undertaking has been preceded by prayer; and when our best preparations have been made, our hope of success is not primarily and mainly in them, but only in God. The name of the God of Jacob set thee up on high; And in the name of our God we will set up our banners; The first person plural pronoun in Psalms 20:5 shows that it is the voice of the people who are vocalizing this petition in the sanctuary itself upon behalf of their king. In Psalm 20:3the answer is expected out of Zion, in the present instance it is looked for from God's holy heavens; for the God who sits enthroned in Zion is enthroned for ever in the heavens. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Psalms 20 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources Psalm 20 It is the will of God that prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings, should be made, in special manner, for kings and all in ). May he give you the desire of your heart and make all your plans succeed. II. They had manifested such zeal in the cause, and they had offered so earnest petitions, that he could not doubt that God would smile favorably on the undertaking, and would grant success. On the meaning of the phrase in the title, “To the chief Musician,” see the note at the title to Psalm 4:1-8. Hear us when we call - As we now call on him; its we shall call on him in the day of battle. The word rendered “brought down” - כרע kâra‛ - means “to bend,” “to bow” (as the knees); and then it refers to one who bows down before an enemy, that is, one who is subdued, Isaiah 10:4; Isaiah 65:12; Psalm 72:9; Psalm 78:31. 'S Commentary on Psalms for you using the tools on the right.. 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